For motor learning tasks, analogies are usually given as a single biomechanical metaphor. This study demonstrates how analogies can influence motor kinematics and task outcome.
"Analogies in the case of motor learning combine various task-relevant rules into a single biomechanical metaphor, usually given to the learner as a verbal instruction."
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This was a small study gauging the influence of footwear on motor coordination, and thus results are not transferable across populations. However, the findings are interesting from a clinical perspective, as this adds to information re: training for functional tasks with appropriate footwear.
Previous research has demonstrated that mirror neurons play an important role in learning; action observation training or motor imagery practice is based on this mechanism. This small study has some flaws, but demonstrated that motor imagery was more effective for developing motor control than tactile feedback or verbal instruction.
Roy La Touche, Macarena Sánchez-Vázquez, Ferran Cuenca-Martínez, María Prieto-Aldana, Alba Paris-Alemany & Gonzalo Navarro-Fernández (2019): Instruction Modes for Motor Control Skills Acquisition: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Journal of Motor Behavior, DOI: 10.1080/00222895.2019.1645087