Clinical Pilates in Practice: Joint Impairment & Gait in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (July 2020)


Researchers used a musculoskeletal model to predict joint contact forces and investigate the variations of joint contact forces due to joint impairment in 18 juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients.


Erica Montefiori et al. Linking Joint Impairment and Gait Biomechanics in Patients with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 2019; 47(11): 2155-2167



  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the commonest rheumatic condition in childhood, although the etiology remains unknown.
  • JIA encompasses several subgroups but most generally presents as peripheral arthritis.
    • Clinical presentation includes fever, joint swelling and pain, hepatomegaly, lymphadenopathy, cardiac involvement, splenomegaly, and skin rashes.
  • Medical imaging of JIA:
    • Ultrasound is used to assess joint synovial and tendon inflammation.
    • MRI helps with...
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Research Roundup: May 2020


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Consolidation of Use-Dependent Motor Memories Induced By Passive Movement Training

G. Tays et al. Consolidation of use-dependent motor memories induced by passive movement training. Neuroscience Letters 732 (2020) 135080.

This study examined the lasting effect of passive training on visuomotor adaptation within a 24-hour timeline.


Key Points

  • Adapting to a sensorimotor environment requires complex and dynamic systems that can adjust to the environment within minutes, resulting in long-term performance changes.
  • Adaptation is driven by two primary learning mechanisms:
    • Error-based, model-based, or algorithmic learning; and
    • Use-dependent, model-free, or instant-reliant training.
  • Use-dependent learning occurs both during active...
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