Clinical Conversation: Footwork Options for Pregnancy (March 2022)

This transcript includes highlights from the live, interactive session of our Clinical Conversation: Footwork Options for Pregnancy.

If you missed the live webinar, you can read about some of the biomechanical changes during pregnancy, as well as footwork options for your clinical Pilates practice below. 

Please join our next live event, where you can participate in our Case Study discussion and Q&A session. 

Check out our upcoming Clinical Conversations here



  •  Pilates sessions traditionally begin with footwork and other strength work to set a foundation for movement.
  • By spending time building strength through the feet, you can help to support a stable and dynamic support for standing, and for upright movement.
  • This is an incredibly functional place to begin, and it's no different when working with a pregnant body.



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Clinical Pilates in Practice: Biokinetic Analysis of the Foot & Ankle (February 2021)


This literature review argues that clinically we need to observe functional - rather than conventional - biomechanics at the ankle and foot. Functional biomechanics observes that all segments in a joint can be simultaneously mobile. The authors suggest that:

 "The reader should be able to understand how the 3-dimensional biokinetic analysis of the ankle and foot can contribute along with imaging examinations to the clinical setting, thus allowing the construction of a more complete proļ¬le of the patient."


Metsavaht L, Leporace G. Current trends for the biokinetic analysis of the foot and ankle. J Foot Ankle. 2020;14(2):191-6.



  • The central nervous system works as the generator of complex movement patterns based on muscular synergies; the control of active joint stability is coordinated by the neuromuscular system and not by isolated muscle strength or range of motion.
  • Functional...
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Research Roundup: January 2020


Interested in keeping up to date with research relevant to your clinical practice?

The Calibrate Pilates team rounds this up so that you can integrate new information into your evidence-informed practice: join our newsletter now.


The Perception of Auditory Motion

Simon Carlile, Johahn Leung (2016): The Perception of Auditory Motion, Trends in Hearing, DOI: 10.1177/2331216516644254

This review of auditory motion is a fascinating look at how we are able to perceive the motion of objects, even as our bodies (and heads) are constantly moving.


Key Points 

  • Auditory motion cues arrive when either the sound is in motion, or the listener is in motion.
  • Listeners are best able to perceive auditory localisation (accurately and precisely) in the anterior field.
  • Auditory targets are encoded in a body-centred, rather than a head-centred coordinate system:
    • This implies that the accurate perception of the location of a sound source requires the integration of...
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Anatomy Review: The Subtalar Joint (May 2019)


The subtalar joint is a complex articulation that is often overlooked clinically, frequently ignored in favour of talocrural and midfoot mobility. But understanding the anatomy and mechanics of this joint can allow for better movement retraining through the foot, knee, hip, pelvis, and lumbar spine.



  • The subtalar joint (STJ) is formed by the talocalcaneal (TC) and talocalcaneonavicular (TCN) articulations.
  • These 2 articulations have separate synovial sheaths. However, they don’t move independently and therefore function as a single joint —> allowing motion of the hindfoot in relation to the talus.
  • Anterior STJ = TCN articulation; middle STJ = interosseus tunnel (canalis + sinus tarsi); posterior STJ = TC articulation.
  • Ligamentous support is integral to the integrity of the subtalar joint, with no muscular attachments onto the talus.

Ligaments of the subtalar joint, originally published by Iosiah Weitbrecht,...

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